The GAP between desired and observed fertility in Europe. Part 1.

Using data from the FFS and the Human Fertility Database we have recomputed desired fertility estimates using Rodriguez and Trussel (1981) method and simulated the Parity Progression Ratios to first births for women in 11 European countries.

Desired vs Observed PPR

Working paper soon to follow.

Mean Age at Childbearing in Spain 2011

TFR 2011 fixed

A space-time box plot of Spain’s TFR for 910 comarcas.

The idea behind spatial analysis is that space matters and near things are more similar: a variable measured in city A is (ideally) different from the same variable measured in city B. A simple way to get a feeling and to represent this hypothesis is through graphical visualization, usually a map(s).

TFRG_all_4years_Spain

However, when dealing with time series maps are cumbersome and  with sometimes some information is lost, such as the national average or path convergence. Box plots are a simple yet very effective way to synthesize a lot of information in one graph. The following plot depicts TFR over a 30 years period for 910 Spanish areas with respect to the national average value (thick black line in the middle of the boxes).

p <- ggplot(dat, aes(x=factor(YEAR), y=dat$TFR))
p <- p + geom_boxplot()
p <- p + scale_y_continuous(limits=c(0,2.5)) + scale_x_discrete("YEAR", breaks=seq(1981,2011,by=5))

TFRG

Location, location, location! Why space matters in demography and why we should care.

Read my first contribution to the Demotrends blog! and don’t forget to like Demotrends either in facebook or twitter 🙂
Of course all graphics have been realized in R (maptools library and a bunch of others).
Location, location, location! Why space matters in demography and why we should care..